Jakarta is The Capital City of Indonesia

From : flashnet.ro Jakarta is the capital of the Republic of Indonesia. Large metropolitan city with a population of more than 9 million...

From : flashnet.ro

Jakarta is the capital of the Republic of Indonesia. Large metropolitan city with a population of more than 9 million. Jakarta is the center of national government and the provincial government of DKI Jakarta. Jakarta is the center of government that regulates finance and business. Being a political and economic center because in Jakarta where people meet from all over Indonesia so that in Jakarta we can find a variety of ethnicities. Jakarta has captivated people from all aspects of life because in Jakarta it provides religious aspects of activities that require a lot of human resources.

Jakarta is also the center of modern Indonesian music and the center of the creative industry. Therefore, it is not surprising that whatever happens in Jakarta is a national concern and is the center of Indonesia's history and modern life, in other words the Capital is the point of modernism born so that it spreads to various regions in Indonesia.

Located in Jakarta, which is on the north coast of the western part of the island of Java, DKI Jakarta currently consists of 6 cities namely Central Jakarta covering Merdeka Square and the elite area of Menteng; South Jakarta includes Kebayoran and Bintaro; West Jakarta, development development is underway such as buildings and hotels; East Jakarta which is a beach trade and recreation place namely Ancol Dreamland, Seribu Island, and several beautiful islands located in Jakarta Bay, from this region visitors can also access the Thousand Islands tourist location.

The rapid development of the city of Jakarta. You can be young to choose accommodation Super luxury hotels to hotels that offer low fees, but you can still easily access entertainment places scattered around the inn such as malls that sell branded goods.

Jakarta also has luxury apartments that are equipped with large swimming pools, shopping centers, and recreational areas to spoil apartment residents. To enter one end of this vast city, the government has built a toll road around it, passing through the centers of Jakarta's busiest activities. It can be ascertained during rush hour that Jakarta will become very jammed. To avoid congestion while in Jakarta you can use public transportation such as Trans Jakarta, Commuter Line, and Mass Rapid Transit. Public transportation is all very friendly for those of you who first come to Jakarta, moreover the culture and character of friendly Indonesian people.

Many things you can do and see in Jakarta. It's difficult to take a walk on the streets of Jakarta because it's crowded with cars and motorbikes. The best thing you can do is stay in a hotel where you will spend most of the time around for example for conferences, business meetings, shopping, visiting exhibitions, or to explore the city and sightseeing on certain days when you have more free time.

Because of its large population, Jakarta is a very crowded city. Therefore, you will find luxury homes side by side with huts on the side of the road or luxury cars fighting over parking spaces with old buses. These things show how the city is very dynamic and very alive from day to late at night.

In Jakarta you can also find restaurants serving international dishes or food from various regions in the archipelago. Starting from exclusive restaurants to street hip stalls that can satisfy everyone's tastes. There are also some beautiful golf courses around the city, where Indonesian and foreign businessmen spend their weekends here.

Jakarta's nightlife is very attractive. Discos, nightclubs and karaoke offer various types of music and dance. The annual Java Jazz Festival is an international event for jazz fans. Indonesian best bands and singers participated in this event.

In addition, Jakarta is the right place to shop with prices competing with many favorite shopping cities around the world such as Singapore and Hong Kong. Plaza Indonesia, Plaza Senayan, Pondok Indah Mall, Pacific Place, are just a few of the many high-end shopping centers that you can find in this big city. As for getting cheaper items, Tanah Abang and Mangga Dua Wholesale Centers are favorite shopping places for shopping enthusiasts. Every year the Jakarta Great Sale offers massive discounts that have attracted thousands of visitors from various cities in Indonesia and Southeast Asia.

LANDMARK

Sudirman-Thamrin street is located in the heart of Jakarta, here is the central office of Indonesia's central bank, Bank Indonesia and most of the major banks. Jalan Sudirman and Thamrin are separated by a fountain circle surrounded by Jakarta landmark buildings, namely Hotel Indonesia and Wisma Nusantara, the first high-rise buildings in Jakarta. Hotel Indonesia Circle is currently a location that is often used for demonstrations because of its busy traffic. Along this main boulevard there are also a number of star-rated hotels in Jakarta.

Along the Sudirman road is the Senayan Sports Center, a sports complex built by the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, in 1962 to organize the Ganefo (Games of the New Emerging Forces) and become the background for the construction of the Sudirman-Thamrin road. Here is also the Jakarta Convention Center, a place for international conventions and exhibitions.

Sudirman-Thamrin street leads to Merdeka Square, where in the center stands the National Monument or commonly called Monas. In this place the Red-White Flag Heritage was first raised at the Proclamation of Independence on 17 August 1945. This flag is now obsolete, so that now during the celebration of the Independence Day ceremony, the original flag was issued but only to accompany the replica flag to be flown in front of the Merdeka Palace . The 137 m tall National Monument is in the form of an obelisk, and above it is a flame-shaped bronze coated with 32 kilograms of gold. In the base of the monas monument there is a museum that depicts the diorama of the struggle for Indonesian Independence and the original text of the Independence Proclamation. There is an elevator that can take visitors up to see the wide view of Jakarta from the base of the monas monument. Around the Monument there is a garden with a musical fountain that is enjoyed by the people of Jakarta on Sundays during sports and recreation. Deer roam among the shady trees in the garden.

Medan Merdeka Street is the center of most important government buildings. During the Dutch colonial period Merdeka street was the center of government known as Koningsplein or Raja Road. The north side was dominated by Merdeka Palace which was once the residence of the Dutch Governor-General while it is now the office of the president and his cabinet. To the South there is the office of the vice president, the governor of Jakarta and the provincial parliament building, as well as the American Embassy. Meanwhile in the West there is the National Museum, the Constitutional Court, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, and the Indosat Building, the first international telecommunications company in Indonesia.

Across from Medan Merdeka Street there is a Dutch colonial building built in the 19th-century neoclassical style, including buildings around Banteng Square, say the Ministry of Finance, the neo-Gothic Catholic Cathedral, and underneath the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Imanuel Protestant Church facing Jakarta Gambir main station.

Across the road to Jakarta Cathedral is the largest mosque in Jakarta, Istiqlal Mosque. Nearby is the Concert Hall and a colonial-style shopping street called Pasar Baru, formerly a shopping center for the Dutch elite. In the 18th century the Dutch Batavia was known as the "Queen of the East".

Behind the Presidential Palace there is a canal that heads north past the old Archive Building to Old Batavia which was once the site of the Dutch East Indies Company, a VOC built by Governor General Jan Peterszoon Coen in the 17th century. Renovations have been carried out to continue to preserve the city's historic area which is dominated by Stadhuis or city buildings, which are now the Jakarta History Museum. In front of him is a shopping center which is now called Fatahillah Street. A name taken from the founder of this port and named Jayakarta or City of victory. The road is surrounded by former Dutch East Indies government buildings which are now museums, including the Fine Arts Museum and Puppet Museum.

Further down is an old port called Sunda Kelapa where in its heyday this port was the entrance for the Far East trade which brought cloves, nutmeg, pepper, sandalwood, silk, and many others. Here you can still see and admire the Bugis Phinisi Ship leaning on the harbor and the activities of its people. Nearby is an old warehouse that now stands at the Maritime Museum.

Today, the location of the former city of Batavia is Jakarta's central business district dominated by Chinese, but most of this area has been modernized with shopping centers and hotels.

Other important areas in Central Jakarta are Jalan Gatot Subroto, the place of the parliament building and Jalan Rasuna Said as the location of the foreign embassy office.
Jakarta as a metropolis continues to expand in all directions and now consists of a series of interconnected residential areas, recreation centers, and shopping, so it is important to pay attention to in the area where one area is located.

To get a glimpse of Indonesia as a whole, visit the Beautiful Indonesia Mini Park located in East Jakarta, accessible via the toll road. At TMII you can see traditional Indonesian houses from all over the archipelago, all with unique architectural styles. There is also an Imax theater, featuring spectacular 3D films. Orchid lovers should not miss the Orchid Garden here.

To complement the beach recreation, Jakarta residents and domestic tourists flock to the Ancol Jaya Dream Park located on the north coast of Jakarta. Region This is a spacious and complete resort including Seaworld and Fantasy World. There is also a large swimming arena with artificial waves and water slides, thrilling roller coasters and other thrilling rides like torpedoes. The resort also has hotels, restaurants and convention rooms.
Jakarta also has a complete zoo filled with rich archipelago fauna in Ragunan. Here you can see birds of paradise, dragons, orangutans, and all kinds of snakes, gorillas. Jakarta Zoo is a family favorite place during holidays.

ENTRANCE

Jakarta can be accessed through two international airports. The main airport is the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport as the main gate entering Indonesia even though it is now in Banten province. The second is Halim Perdanakusumah Airport which was originally the headquarters of the air force but is now used as a place for visits by heads of state and officials. A number of domestic airlines serving flights throughout the archipelago from Soekarno-Hatta Airport also serve direct connections from international flights for regional purposes.
In Jakarta there are many taxis at hotels and malls or can also be ordered by telephone. To avoid traffic congestion, the people of Jakarta use Trans-Jakarta buses or Busway for fast travel because they have their own lanes. Unfortunately the new Busway serves several routes.

Traveling to tourist attractions on the island of Java other than by plane can also use the train from Gambir Station. You can also travel by tour bus or private vehicle via the toll road.
Cruise ships are located in the port of Tanjung Priok. For more information about Jakarta, visit Enjoy Jakarta, Jakarta's official tourism site.

CULINARY

As a place to mix various nations and cultures, Jakarta is the right place to satisfy your tongue. Taste soto betawi which is sold in almost all stalls, there are many fancy cafes and restaurants. If you feel the weather in Jakarta is too hot, try mixed ice made from ice mixed with certain fruits, syrup, and milk, it feels very refreshing!
Other typical foods can be found in almost all places as well as international food. For more information, visit the Jakarta Culinary Guide.

COMMUNITY AND CULTURE

Since the 5th century the area around Jakarta has now become an important trading port. People from all over Java and from Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan, and traders from China, India and the Middle East came to settle here, some of whom remained among their communities. There were also those who blended into a new community which is now known as Betawi, a native of Jakarta.

Betawi people have their own unique, colorful and diverse culture as a result of mixing Chinese, Arabic, Portuguese and Dutch elements. The word "Betawi" itself comes from the word "Batavia" the name given by the Dutch government.

With so many people from all over Indonesia coming to Jakarta, the Betawi people already exist even though now there are only a number of areas in this metropolis. Most Betawi people are land owners or live from owning land. With the Pasanggerah river, the Betawi people firmly protect the river and their environment from city pollution and encroachment on industrialization. The Betawi icon is a big doll "Ondel-ondel" which is usually found in processions at weddings or circumcisions.

What's interesting is that their wedding celebrations can last for days. Everyone is invited where guests will be entertained with Betawi music and dance as well as a step up screen until night, while enjoying bananas, beans and hot tea.

The red costume of the bride was clearly inspired by the Chinese wedding dress complete with the covering that covered her face. Instead the costume of the groom is inspired by Arab and Indian influences.

Betawi people are famous for their candid character when speaking. They are open and humorous in nature, but they can be hard when confronted. Because of this, Betawi dialects and expressions have become very popular especially among young people today, often used on television programs. In everyday life the Betawi dialect is often spoken throughout Indonesia.

You can feel the traditional Betawi traditional life at Setu Babakan in Srengseng Sawah, South Jakarta. Here, Betawi lenong shows and mask dance are often held. A traditional house built in the 1920s and often used as a movie shooting location. The best time to visit Setu Babakan is June and July when the annual festival is held.
As a mixture of all ethnic groups in Indonesia, Jakarta is also a place where you can find the best expression of modern Indonesian art. Here there are painting and art galleries from Indonesian maestros, classical music concerts from the Jakarta Symphonic Orchestra, popular music shows and fashion shows, while malls and exhibitions offer diverse artistic products from all over the country.

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